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MUSLIMS FOR JUSTICE IN DARFUR

 

We, the below signed members of the Ummah of Muhammad (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) do hereby affirm the following 16 principles as a matter of conscience informed by the Qur’an and Sunna:

1. We affirm truth and justice.

Proof: The Almighty God, Allah, has said in His Book, The Qur’an: “O You who believe! Stand up firmly for justice, as witnesses unto Allah, even against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor. Allah protects you both (much) better. So follow not the desires (of your hearts) , because you may swerve, and if you distort justice, or decline to do justice; Surely Allah is Well-Acquainted with all that you do.” (Qur’an, 4:135) , and

“The Word of your Lord finds its fulfillment in truth and justice ” ( 6:115)

2. We affirm the sacredness of life.

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an: “If anyone has killed a person –unless it be for murder or for spreading evil and corruption (Arabic, fasad) in the land – it would be as if he has killed the whole people. And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the entire people.” (5:32)

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said “Everything of the Muslim is sacred and inviolable to another Muslim – his blood, his property, and his honor.” (authenticated by Muslim)

3. We affirm the right of the oppressed people of Darfur to self-defense, and to struggle for freedom, justice and equality by any Islamically lawful means necessary.

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an, (The Believers are those who…) “…when an oppressive wrong is inflicted upon them, (are not cowed, but) help and defend themselves…But indeed if any do help and defend themselves after a wrong (done) to them, against such there is no cause for blame. The blame is only against those who oppress men with wrongdoing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying peace and justice. For such there will be a penalty grievous.” ” (Q42: 39,41-42)

4. We support and encourage an immediate ceasefire to all hostilities on the part of the Government of the Sudan (GoS) and all of the Sudanese freedom fighters, as a means for protection of the lives of Darfur’s civilian population.

5. We encourage and support the immediate disarming of the Janjaweed and all such government sponsored or independently acting paramilitary forces.

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an, speaking of Himself: “He forbids all shameful deeds, and evil, and injustice…” Q16:90) and He commands “…Do not commit transgressions; surely Allah loves not the transgressors.” (Q 2:190)

Also, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said in an authenticated tradition (hadith), “Help your brother whether he is the oppressed (Arabic, mazlum), or the oppressor (Arabic, zaalim)”. When it was said to him by his Companions May Allah be pleased with them) “O Messenger of Allah, we understand what it means to help our brother who is oppressed, but how do we help the one who is an oppressor?” He answered, “Put your hand over his hand” ( meaning “stop him from doing what he’s doing”).

6. We salute the valiant efforts of the 10,000 mostly Sudanese humanitarian workers, who have engaged in relief work on the ground in Darfur, and that of other people of various faiths . This includes Doctors Without Borders , and from amongst the Muslims, the Federation of Islamic Medical Associations (FIMA - an umbrella organization from thirty Muslim countries , who opened an Eye hospital in Darfur in Feb. 2006 ,bringing Eye care to two million Darfurians for the first time. The Islamic Medical Association of North America was a
participant in this initiative).

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an, “Whoever supports and helps a good cause, will have a reward for it. And whoever helps and supports an evil cause shares in its burden. And Allah has power over all things.” (Q 4: 85)

7. We further salute the equally valiant work of the African Union (AU) in protecting the lives of the People of Darfur.

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an, “Whoever supports and helps a good cause, will have a reward for it. And whoever helps and supports an evil cause shares in its burden. And Allah has power over all things.” (Q 4: 85)

8. We deplore the lack of full support for the AU’s work by the international community, and call for the speedy allocation of the necessary funds from the family of nations, for the completion of the AU’s mission to provide human security in the region.

9. Further, we also deplore the fact the Muslim nations have failed to effectively intervene on behalf of their oppressed Muslim brothers and sisters in Darfur who are dying daily as their homes are being destroyed, or living in displacement camps, as are Muslims elsewhere in the world.

10. Therefore, since there exists no other practical vehicle for the provision of adequate international peacekeeping forces to save these Muslims and stop the killing in Darfur IMMEDIATELY, we support the AU’s call for the presence of United Nations troops and personnel in Darfur , as elsewhere in the Sudan.

Muslim troops should be part of that international force, if not in the vanguard of it. The performance of said U.N. forces should be monitored closely by the international community generally, and the Muslims in particular formally or informally.

Proof: The Almighty God, Allah has said in His Book: “…If two parties from amongst the believers fall into conflict, make peace between them both. But if one of them exceeds the bounds against the other, then (all of) you fight against the one who transgresses until he complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be equitable and fair. Verily, Allah loves those who are fair and just.” (49:9) and,

“…had not Allah checked one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed have been filled with evil .” (Q 2:251)

Also, within the canons of Islamic jurisprudence, Muslim religious scholars have formulated a legal judgment that it is from the Sunna of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) for Muslims to seek help from non-Muslims whenever it is necessary to repel an evil threatening life, property and honor. Such a necessity should be assessed they claim, as it is, i.e. as it arises. (Masud,Messick, Powers, Haddad, 1996, pg. 299,303). Other scholars specify that such assistance is only permissible in non-combat situations or capacities (Masud,Messick, Powers, Haddad, 1996, pg. 303, Al-Buti, 2001, pg. 475-6)

11. We call upon the Government of the Sudan to admit the presence of said U.N. troops , for the purpose of safety and security for the civilians of Darfur .

They have already done so in resolution of the former conflict in the Southern region of their country. Why not in Dar Fur?

12. We support and encourage a return of all parties to the negotiation table for the purpose of arbitration, mediation, and authentic reconciliation.

Proof: “…Make peace between them both (i.e. conflicting Muslim parties).” (Q 49:13) and

The Prophet Muhammad (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,Sulh (negotiated compromise) is permissible between Muslims..” (authenticated by At-Tirmithi), Ibn Maajah, and Abu Dawud)

As Muslims, we encourage our brothers in faith to take advantage of the spirit of the approaching month of Ramadan, to begin this process anew.

Proof: “The believers are a single brotherhood. So make reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers, and fear Allah, that you might receive His Mercy.” (Q 49:10)

13. We support the various short-term measures and activities designed to bring comfort and care to the people of Darfur, thus saving civilian lives.

These include increased humanitarian assistance for refugees and displaced persons, and increased access for these humanitarian forces and organizations, peace keeping missions, parties charged with the responsibility to protect civilians, the pursuit of war crime charges, and peace conferences designed to solve the crises by peaceful means .

Proof: And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the entire people (Q 5:32) , and

14. We support and encourage the establishment of those rights of life, limb, property and honor due to the people of Darfur, in accordance with Islamic principles.

Proof: Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an, “O you who believe! Fulfill all obligations!” and

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said “Everything of the Muslim is sacred and inviolable to another Muslim – his blood, his property, and his honor.” (authenticated by Muslim)

15. We support the lodging of criminal proceedings against those found responsible in a just judicial proceeding, for the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

Proof: “Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls; for Allah loves not those given to perfidy and crime; They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide them from Allah, seeing that He is with them when they plot by night…” (Q 4:107-8), and

“The blame is only against those who oppress men with wrongdoing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying peace and justice. For such there will be a penalty grievous.” ” (Q42:42)

16. We support compensation for damages, injury, loss of life and property, for all Darfurians and their families, who have been victimized by these criminal acts.

Proof :Allah has said in His Book, The Qur’an “…And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir authority (to demand Qisas - equal retaliation or compensation, or to forgive). But let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life, for he is helped (by the law).” (Q 17:33) and, “Say ‘my Lord has commanded justice.” (7:29)

Finally, we pray in all sincerity for the people of the nation of the Sudan, government and civilians alike. We pray for forgiveness of their sins, for healing and reconciliation, protection, comfort, peace, safety and security, for all of its citizens. We pray for justice for all of them, and for all of humanity, ameen (amen).

Signed this day in the sacred month of Ramadan,1427 A.H..(2006 C.E.)